The capital of Chile is where most people will arrive in the country. The largest city in the country and one of the largest in South America, with a population of 7 million people. The Incas controlled Santiago throughout the 1500's until the Spanish arrived from Cusco in 1540. Today Santiago is a massive city and a central travel hub for many destinations. Having suffered from tectonic activity over the years, the city has always reinvented itself. Today has its big city highlights such as the Bellavista neighbourhood, The Palacio de la Moneda, the Maipo River, Cerro Santa Lucia, the surrounding snow-capped mountains, the incredible museums and don't forget there are some vineyards close-by, to learn all about Chiles incredible export.