The north of Chile is the home to the driest desert in the world. Locals will tell you that The San Pedro de Atacama Desert has not had any rain since 1870! It has, however, rained or even snowed once or twice in some areas of the desert during this time. The oasis town of San Pedro de Atacama is found on the immense Salt Lake and you will see some of the starriest skies ever, due to zero light pollution. Despite its aridity, the desert is the home to a wide range of flora and fauna with its guanacos, vicuñas, iguanas, flamingos and hummingbirds. The desert has been closely related to Mars due to the similarity of its surface. Even movies have been filmed in this region, A Space Odyssey being the most famous.